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MySQL-5.6.x二進制版本安裝記錄

一、操作系統安裝環境

1. 操作系統:CentOS 6.7 x86_64, 操作系統基本環境提前準備過程略過。
2. 二進制MySQL版本:mysql-5.6.29-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
3. 本安裝過程也適合mysql-5.5.x二進制版本的安裝過程參考。


二、安裝mysql-5.6.29-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64


1. 下載編譯版本mysql安裝

wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/mysql/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.29-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
tar zxvf mysql-5.6.29-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz  -C /usr/local
cd /usr/local/
ln -sv mysql-5.6.29-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 mysql


2. 準備mysql用戶

groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql


3. 初始化mysql,數據庫位置采用默認位置

chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data


4. mysql服務配置

cd /usr/local/mysql
cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
cp support-files/mysql.server  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig --add mysqld
chkconfig mysqld on


5. 配置Mysql命令鏈接,也可以采用加入環境變量中,該方式可以略過。

ln -sf /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin/mysql
ln -sf /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqldump /usr/bin/mysqldump
ln -sf /usr/local/mysql/bin/myisamchk /usr/bin/myisamchk
ln -sf /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe /usr/bin/mysqld_safe


或通過加入環境變量中解決。

# vi /etc/profile
export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin/:$PATH
# source /etc/profile


6. 配置其它

ln -sv /usr/local/mysql/include  /usr/include/mysql
echo '/usr/local/mysql/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
ldconfig


7. Mysql配置文件,僅是為了能啟動測試

vi /etc/my.cnf

[client]
port        = 3306
default-character-set  = utf8
socket      = /tmp/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
character-set-server  = utf8
collation-server      = utf8_general_ci
port                  = 3306
socket                = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir                = /usr/local/mysql
datadir                = /usr/local/mysql/data
skip-external-locking
key_buffer_size    = 16M
max_allowed_packet = 1M
table_open_cache  = 64
sort_buffer_size  = 512K
net_buffer_length  = 8K
read_buffer_size  = 256K
read_rnd_buffer_size    = 512K
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M

log-bin=mysql-bin
binlog_format=mixed
server-id  = 1

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M

[mysql]
no-auto-rehash

[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 20M
sort_buffer_size = 20M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout


8. 啟動mysql

service mysqld start


9. 修改管理員密碼并測試

# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'admin' #設置管理員密碼
# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p  #測試密碼輸入


10. 配置mysql帳號安全

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Change the root password? [Y/n] n
 ... skipping.

By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n
 ... skipping.

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!

Cleaning up...



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